Low-Water-Use Desert Trees: For USDA Hardiness Zones 7 through 10

Although this list of desert trees is not exhaustive, it is a fairly extensive. Also, some varieties may not be suitable for the zones above.

Check with your local nursery or Cooperative Extension Service before planting.

The description includes the common name, scientific name, maximum height and width, and whether it is evergreen or deciduous.

  • Catclaw Acacia, Acacia greggii,18′ high by 15′ wide. Deciduous.
  • Sweet Acacia, Acacia smallii, 30′ high by25′ wide. Deciduous.
  • Netleaf (Canyon) Hackberry, Celtis laevigata, var. reticulata, 30′ high by 25′ wide. Deciduous
  • Blue Palo Verde, Cercidium floridum, 20′ high by 20′ wide. Deciduous.
  • Foothills Palo Verde, Cercidium microphylum, 20′ X 20′. Deciduous.
  • Mexican Rosebud, Cercis Canadensis, var. mexicana, 20’X 12′. Deciduous.
  • Desert Willow, Chilopsis linearis, 25′ X 15′. Deciduous.
  • Italian Cypress, Cupressus sempervirens, 60′ X 8′. Evergreen.
  • Texas Persimmon, Diospyros texana, 30′ X 20′. Deciduous.
  • Littleleaf Ash, Fraxinus greggi, 15′ X 8′. Semi-Evergreen.
  • Alligator Juniper, Juniperus deppeana, 20′ X 18′. Evergreen.
  • One-seed Juniper, Juniperus monosperma, 18′ X 10′. Evergreen.
  • Mexican Palo Verde, Leuceana retusa, 30′ X 30′. Deciduous.
  • Afghan Pine, Pinus eldarica, 70′ X 30′. Evergreen.
  • Aleppo Pine, Pinus halepensis, 40′ X 15′. Evergreen.
  • Mt. Atlas Pistache, Pistacia atlantica, 30′ X 20′. Deciduous.
  • Texas Pistache, Pistacia mexicana (pistacia texana), 20′ X 15′. Semi-evergreen.
  • Chilean Mesquite, Prosopis chilensis, 30′ X 30′. Semi-evergreen.
  • Honey Mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa, 25′ X 25′. Deciduous.
  • Screwbean Mesquite, Prosopis pubescens, 20′ X 15′. Deciduous.
  • Arizona White Oak, Quercus arizonica, 35′ X 30′. Evergreen.
  • Gray Oak, Quercus grisea, 30′ X 25′. Evergreen.
  • Mexican Blue Oak, Quercus oblongifolia, 25′ X 20′. Deciduous.
  • Cork Oak, Quercus suber, 30′ X 20′, Evergreen.
  • Mexican Elder, Sambucus mexicana, 35′ X 15′. Semi-eveergreen.
  • Western Soapberry, Sapindus saponaria, var. drummondii, 30′ X 20′. Deciduous.